二维动画《我们毕业了》 动漫设计与制作

二维动画《我们毕业了》 动漫设计与制作

 二维动画《我们毕业了》 动漫设计与制作    

摘  要

本论文主要研究二维动画制作的一般流程,从策划到制作包括了:文字剧本、分镜头剧本、人物设定、场景设定、分镜头绘制、原画、动画、扫描、上色、合成、后期、音效配乐等过程。最重要的是如何把自己所想的故事传达给观众。把握运动过程中的关键动作,准确把握原画的定稿思想,把原画的画用模型去实现。就好比是电影里的演员。美国一般是由专人负责主要角色的原画绘制,画这个角色原画的人就成为了这出戏的演员,也就是我的性格将会注入到这角色中,给予角色灵魂。

随着毕业时间的临近,这段时间在外的生活感慨万千,本动画将是用flash动画的方式煽情的展示青葱校园,以“我们毕业了”为题,结合实际情况给观众展示校园的魅力,与回忆结合,给予观众感动,让将毕业的同学们感同身受。

本flash动画通过手绘,场景来进行显示。通过各种手段来达到在二维空间完成三维效果。动画制作过程其实就是简单步骤的综合,从姿势、动作、绘画到色彩,许多简单的元素被有意识有目的地串联在一起,来达到动画的效果。

关键词:二维动画;手绘风格;原创剧本;校园

Abstract 

This design mainly studies the general flow of two-dimensional animation,From planning to production:scripts、screenplay、personage setting、scene setting、shot drawing、the original painting、animation、scanning、color、synthesis、later stage、soundtrack,equal process.The most important thing is how to convey the story you want to the audience.Grasp the key movements in the process of movement,accurately grasp the original final thoughts,the original painting model to achieve,it's like an actor in a movie.The United States is generally by the person responsible for the main characters of the original drawing,the role of the original painting people became the actors in this drama,that is my character will be injected into this role,Give the character the soul.

As the time of graduation approaches,at this time of life filled with a thousand regrets.The design instruction of this film will be an incendiary display of green onions in the way of flash animation.On the subject of our graduation Combine the actual situation to show the charm of the campus to the audience.Combined with memories, let the audience be moved, so that the graduates will feel the same. 

The Flash,by the hand, the scene to display.Through various means to achieve the three-dimensional effect in the two-dimensional space. From posture, action, painting to color, many simple elements are linked together consciously and purposefully to achieve the effect of animation.

Key word:two-dimensional animation;Hand-painted style;Campus 

目  录

第1章 导语 1

 1.1 本设计的创作缘由和出发点 1

 1.2 本设计的意义、目的、研究范围与理论价值 1

  1.2.1 本设计的意义 1

  1.2.2 本设计的目的 1

  1.2.3 本设计的研究范围 2

  1.2.4 本设计的理论价值 2

1.3 简述本设计在国内的发展概况及存在的问题 2

1.4 阐述本设计应解决的主要问题及要达到的技术要求 3

  1.4.1 本设计应解决的主要问题 3

  1.4.2 本设计要达到的技术要求 3

第2章 设计定位 5

第3章 毕业设计剧本 7

 3.1 动画原剧本(文学剧本) 7

 3.2 分镜头脚本(节选) 8

第4章 人物与场景设定 11

 4.1 人物介绍 11

 4.2 场景设定 12

第5章 作品设计制作流程 15

第6章 结论与展望 17

 6.1 结论 17

 6.2 不足之处及未来展望 17

参考文献 19

致谢 21

 

          

第1章 导语

1.1 本设计的创作缘由和出发点

我自开始构思剧本之前,就已经决定用二维手绘动画的形式来表现。做出这样选择完全是出于我对于二维手绘动画的喜爱。作为一名优秀的动画人,不仅要有好的构思和                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           参考文献

学术期刊

[1] 欧阳逸冰.遥望龙门——浅谈动画片剧本的创作[J].中国动画,2006.12

[2] 高金燕.浅析内地和港台漫画中的人物造型设计[J].中国动画,2007.01

学术著作

[3] 钱蕾.卡通形象设计教程[M]:重庆:西南师范大学出版社,2008.06

[4] 赵勇权.游戏动画角色设计[M].北京:中国青年出版社,2011.01

[5] 尾泽直志(日).日本动漫人物动态结构教程[M].谢时新译.上海:上海人民美术出版社,2006.01

[6] 刘军.动画场景设计[M].北京:北京交通大学出版社,2011.09

[7] 吴冠英.祝卉.动画分镜头设计[M].北京:清华大学出版社,2005.10

[8] 林晃(日).卡通漫画绘画技法 [M].陈庆译.北京:人民美术出版社,2005.01

[9] 于静宜,张渊.动画角色与场景设计[M].沈阳:辽宁美术出版社,2013.08

学位论文

[10] 丁伟峰.论具有中国风格的场景设计[D].南京:东南大学,2010.01 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               手绘的线条优美自然,给人强烈的艺术感染力。同时这种人手绘制出的不确定性线条和色彩很容易激发人们更多的想象力,从而有可能不断的产生新的创意。

我从一开始便确定了这部片子的目的——希望能通过此片引发观众的共鸣和思考。

近年来中国独立动画发展迅速,涌现出一批有才华的独立动画人和制作团体。我也对这些作品中的东西进行了很多借鉴和学习。不同国家的动画大师们对于动画角色的表现也各有特色。我深入研究了不同国家对于动画角色的塑造,努力结合到自己的作品中,并注入自己的理解和创新。

通过我的观察和研究,我发现学生作品在当今环境下有着自身的优势和不足。有时就是学生可以不受商业模式的束缚进行创作,题材、姓氏多样,不拘一格。而不足则在于学生的经验少,项目管理意识通常比较缺乏,这就造就了大量的烂尾作品。另外就是人生阅历较浅,往往会做出一些看似深刻而实际空洞的作品。我参考了很多优秀的学生作品,发现很多学生作品都是从日常小事开始展开,通过富有寓意的画面和镜头达成一种亦真亦幻又发人发人深省的效果。因此我创作了一个剧情并不复杂但大量使用象征手法的剧本,希望我的表现能带来同样精彩的效果。

1.2 本设计的意义、目的、研究范围与理论价值

1.2.1 本设计的意义

动画片是我童年生活不可缺少的,相信是很多人的童年记忆。它一直是我为之奋斗的理由,看动画,学画画,考学以及将来的工作都会与他相关。所以为了不辜负自己,不辜负关心着我的人,我无论如何也要尽力完成这部短片。

随着计算机科技的发展,3D动画在院线上正逐步取代二维动画成为主流。但这并不意味着二维动画会被时代所埋没。二维动画的制作不仅是一种商业模式,有很多也是独特的艺术形式。手动绘制的画面注入了人的感情,这种要素所创造出来的美学价值以及艺术感受是任何软件都无法复制的。而我这部短片的主题更是表现人的内心世界的情感变化,所以二维手绘正能够将本片的主旨表现得淋漓尽致。

1.2.2 本设计的目的

这部短片将是我的第一部作品,不仅为了毕业,更要做好展现自己的能力。在剧本方面我创作了一个简单,但富有象征,引人思考的故事。分镜在力求把故事表述清楚的基础上使节奏起伏清晰明朗,能够调动人的情感。原动画做到精致准确运动流畅,使其完整地表现人物的动作,贴近人物性格。在后期剪辑阶段对元素进行分层和组合,使画面有景深;精确地调整时间和节奏,让画面的表现更到位,带动观者的情绪。

1.2.3 本设计的研究范围

本设计主要研究二维动画制作的一般流程,即策划——文字剧本——分镜头剧本——人物设定——场景设定——分镜头绘制——原画——动画——扫描——上色——合成——后期——配音等。对于我来说重点在片子的整体性和表达方试镜头运用上。风格,场景人物都要精心的设计。并且让人物的运动与场景相融合。

1.2.4 本设计的理论价值

艺术动画可以自由地表现抽象、感性的概念,包括人的各种情绪、思想、感受,其成败关键之一就是“内容与形式是否相辅相成”。创作者要理清内容的中心思想,并且了解各种动画形式的特点,合适的形式可以加强作品的表现力,反之,不合适的形式会阻碍内容的表达。每种动画的形式各有特色,其关键是“这种形式是否适合这个内容”。我用手绘板颜色厚涂的方式绘制背景,这样可以更好的表现男主角内心的心理状态。人物方面我们采用了目前专业动画公司的传统制作方式——现在纸上画好线稿,在扫描进电脑上色和后期合成。这样手绘和电脑技术相结合的经验为我们节省了很多时间,在手绘动画中很有推广的。

对于这次的毕设,运动规律和人物性格的结合无疑是最大的难点。我参考了很多动画中对动画中的表现方法,并且吸取了很多有价值的点子融入到我的故事中。我也将这方面的研究融入到了我的动画里。


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